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Monastero de Monaci Cisterciensi (Book 7) (Day 2)

In this page:
 The plate by Giuseppe Vasi
 Today's view
 Arch of Gallieno
 SS. Vito e Modesto
 S. Antonio Abate

The Plate (No. 126)

Monastero de Monaci Cisterciensi

As in other cases the objective of Vasi is not exactly that mentioned in the title of the plate. His real targets are the Arch of Gallienus and the ruins called Trofei di Mario. The view is taken from the green dot in the small 1748 map here below. In the description below the plate Vasi made reference to: 1) SS. Vito e Modesto; 2) Arco di Gallieno; 3) Trofei di Mario; 4) Monastero delle Viperesche. 3) is shown in another plate. The small map shows also 5) S. Antonio Abate.

Small ViewSmall View

Today

The view today

The monasteries are no longer there, nor one can see the ruins in the background, yet the emotion on discovering the Roman arch in the narrow square is the same.

The Arch of Gallieno

The Arch of Gallienus

The Arch was erected in 262 in honour of the Emperor Gallienus, whose virtues are still mentioned in the sentence above the arch. It is in the site of the former Porta Esquilina of the Servian Walls and actually with the retrenchment of the city in the Middle Ages the arch was used again as a gate.

SS. Vito e Modesto

SS. Vito e Modesto

The entrance to the church was reoriented in the XIXth century and a new fašade was built on Via Carlo Alberto. In recent times the church was brought back to its original orientation and given a sort of medieval fašade. The church is in part built making use of the Servian Wall.

S. Antonio Abate

S. Antonio Abate

The Monastery of S. Antonio Abate became first a hospital in the late XIXth century and then in the 1930s the Seminar for the Russian-Byzantine rite (thus it is called now Russicum). The changes, including the level of the street, have not altered the beauty of the 1269 Romanic portal. S. Antonio Abate is the patron of pack-animals, so once a year horses and donkeys were brought to the square in front of the church to get blessed. The ceremony is briefly described by J. W. Goethe in his Italienische Reise (January 18, 1787).

Excerpts from Giuseppe Vasi 1761 Itinerary related to this page:


Chiesa de' SS. Vito e Modesto
Molto antica ed ancora di somma venerazione Ŕ questa chiesa, perchŔ da quello, che si legge, quivi fu il macello Liviano, in cui furono poi martirizzati moltissimi Cristiani: perci˛ sono in essa de' corpi di santi Martiri, e la pietra sopra cui furono uccisi a guisa di bestie da macello: onde fu detto questo luogo macellum martyrum. Custodiscono questa chiesa li Monaci Cisterciensi, e vi risiede il di loro Procuratore Generale.
L'arco antico, che si vede appoggiato alla detta chiesa, fu eretto da Marco Aurelio in onore di Gallieno Imperatore, e dalla medesima chiesa si dice ora di s. Vito. Poco dopo evvi sull'alto la
Chiesa e Spedale di S. Antonio Abate
L'an. 1259. fu eretta questa chiesa insieme collo spedale per un legato del Card. Pietro Capocci, a favore de' poveri scottati dal fuoco, e per˛ sono custoditi da' Canonici di sant' Antonio di nazione Francese. La cappella del santo Titolare e l'altra a sinistra dell'altare maggiore furono dipinte dal Pomaranci, e la vita del Santo dipinta intorno alla chiesa Ŕ di Gio. Batista Lombardelli Marchigiano. I laterali fatti di nuovo nel cappellone sono di Mon s¨ Parosel Avignonese; e la croce di pietra, che si vede dinanzi, la chiesa vi fu posta l'an. 1745. invece del ciborio, elle vi era prima, caduto per l'antichitÓ, e vecchiezza.

Next plate in Book 7: Convento dei Padri di S. Bernardo
Next step in Day 2 itinerary: Basilica di S. Maria Maggiore

Go to    or to  Book 7 or to the  Plan of my site  or to my Home Page on Baroque Rome or to my Home Page on Rome in the footsteps of an XVIIIth century traveller.


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