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Casino della Villa Peretti sulla Piazza di Termini (Book 10) (Map A3) (Day 2) (View B7) (Rione Monti)

In this page:
 The plate by Giuseppe Vasi
 Today's view
 Aggere Serviano

The Plate (No. 194)

Casino della Villa Peretti

Sixtus V rebuilt the aqueduct bringing water from the Alban hills to the northern part of Rome (Acqua Felice) where he had bought a large estate (Villa Peretti or Villa Montalto) when he was a cardinal. The plate shows the entrance to Villa Peretti near Piazza di Termini. In the XVIIIth century the Villa was sold and became known as Villa Negroni. The view is taken from the green dot in the small 1748 map here below. In the description below the plate Vasi made reference to: 1) Main entrance; 2) Main Casino; 3) Buildings for the servants, hay-lofts and coach-houses; 4) Ruins of Terme di Diocleziano. 4) is shown in another page. The small map shows also 5) Aggere Serviano.

Small ViewSmall Map


The view today

The need to provide the new Kingdom of Italy with a "modern" capital led after 1870 to developing a plan for expanding the city inherited by the Popes and which was limited by the Tiber on one side and the Pincio, Quirinal, Esquiline, Palatine hills on the other side.
The decision was to expand it towards the north east and a new axis (Via Nazionale) was designed from Piazza Venezia to Piazza di Termini where the main railway station was located. That meant pulling down Villa Peretti, part of which became a large square in front of the Termini Railway Station. A narrow street retains the name of the Villa.

Fountain in Trastevere

Of the many decorations of Villa Peretti a fountain still survives although relocated on the other side of Rome, below S. Pietro in Montorio. In the detail the lion and the pears of Sixtus V.

Palazzo del Museo Nazionale Romano ColonnaObelisco di Dogali

One of the new buildings erected on the site of the old ones shows some resemblance to the original villa (the entrance, the number of windows) and it now hosts a section of Museo Nazionale Romano. In 1882 an obelisk was found near S. Ignazio and it became part of a monument erected in 1887 in the gardens near the Termini Railway Station (to see all the obelisks of Rome click here).

Aggere Serviano

Aggere Serviano

According to the tradition, in the VIth century B.C. King Servius Tullius, the sixth king of Rome, built a wall to protect the town which had largely expanded beyond the Palatine. The so called Servian Wall is thought today to have been built at a later stage after the Gauls sacked Rome in 378 B.C.. However the walls near Termini Railway Station were most likely built by Servius Tullius, because they show a building technique typical of the Etruscan towns and based on the alternate positioning of tufa blocks of a parallelepiped shape. A ditch immediately outside the walls increased their strength.

Excerpts from Giuseppe Vasi 1761 Itinerary related to this page:

Villa Negroni già Peretti
Ritornando sulla prima strada, si vede a destra uno de' portone della villa Negroni già Peretti; ed il casino in cui abitò Sisto V. mentre era Cardinale, ornato di statue, busti antichi, e pitture di quel tempo. Fra le deliziose fontane, che ivi si vedono, è ammirabile quella del Tritone opera del Bernini, e fra i viali quello de' cipressi.

Next plate in Book 10: Casino della Villa Altieri
Next step in Day 2 itinerary: Piazza delle Quattro Fontane
Next step in your tour of Rione Monti: Chiesa di S. Paolo Primo Eremita

Go to    or to  Book 10 or to my Home Page on Baroque Rome or to my Home Page on Rome in the footsteps of an XVIIIth century traveller.

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