Chiesa ed Ospizio di S. Galla (Book 9) (Day 5) (View C9) (Rione Ripa) and (Rione Campitelli)
Galla was a Roman Matron who in the VIth century hosted the poor
in her house, which became eventually a church with the attached home for
the poor. But the objective of Vasi is to show us a very busy street, not
an elegant one, with all sorts of workers and trades. The view is taken from the green dot in the 1748 map below.
In the description below the plate Vasi made reference to: 1) Ospizio di S. Galla; 2) Bell tower of S. Maria in Cosmedin;
3) Street leading to S. Maria della Consolazione. The small map shows also 4) Portico di Monte Caprino.
The dotted line in the small map delineates the border between Rione Ripa (left) and Rione Campitelli (right).
The need to link the Capitol with the southern
area of Rome, plus the "Imperial" redesigning of Rome in the 1930s led
to the opening of the "Via del Mare". S. Galla was sacrificed. Only the tall house we see
on the left in the plate was spared and was brought back to its original
medieval status. At the end of the street the Roman
Temple of Portunus.
A new church by the same name was erected in a new development outside the walls where
many of the inhabitants of the central areas of Rome affected by the demolitions ordered by the government were transferred.
The church was completed in the 1950s and a painting of the old church was moved to the new one. It shows the prodigious appearance of
an image of Mary. This image was kept in S. Galla (then called S. Maria in Portico) until it was moved to a new church built to be its sanctuary: S. Maria in Campitelli.
In 1933 during the pulling down of some medieval buildings it was discovered that they had been built
making use of a very old Roman portico. The portico is at the foot of Monte Caprino, the southern peak of Campidoglio,
which after the fall of the ancient temples had become a pasture for goats (It. capra). The huge building on its top is the German Archaeological Institute.
Next plate in Book 9: Collegio Ecclesiastico a Ponte Sisto
Next step in Day 5 itinerary: Ponte Quattro Capi
You have completed your tour of Rione Campitelli!
Start your tour of Rione Ripa: next step: S. Niccolò in Carcere
Go to or to Book 9 or to my Home Page on Baroque Rome or to my Home Page on Rome in the footsteps of an XVIIIth century traveller.