Casino della Vigna di Papa Giulio III (Book 10) (Day 1) (View C4)
Julius III built an elegant fountain on Via Flaminia at the entrance
of his suburban Villa (or as it was called then Vigna=Vineyard, because
the main building -Casino- was surrounded by a large cultivated area).
Pope Pius IV completed the small palace adjoining the fountain. The building
with the fountain was inherited by Cardinal Carlo
Borromeo and eventually by Prince Marcantonio
Colonna, who won at Lepanto. The view is taken from the green dot in the small late XIXth century map here below.
In the description below the plate Vasi made reference to: 1) Façade of the Casino and fountain;
2) Casino and fountain of Villa Sinibaldi; 3) Casino belonging to the Camera Apostolica built by Giacomo Barozzi (il Vignola) (Villa di Papa Giulio). The small map shows also 4) Cappella dell'Arco Oscuro.
The view on the right side is altered by a building, which covers the view over Villa Sinibaldi. The fountain is much damaged in the lower part.
One of the reasons why Pope Julius III is almost forgotten is that
Paulus IV confiscated all the possessions of the Pope's heirs (that's why Vasi makes reference to Camera Apostolica). Thus we
see the coat of arms of Pius IV who left the building to his nephew Cardinal
Carlo Borromeo. Benedictus XIV restored the fountain but his coat of arms
is in very poor shape.
The little palace to the left of the fountain was completed by Pius IV and it is attributed to Pirro Ligorio. Here the Colonna put a coat of arms of Martinus V, their great pope.
Villa Giulia, built by Vignola with some advice by Vasari, Ammannati
and Michelangelo, is now the Etruscan Museum of Rome. Here Pope Julius III
spent most of his time. The wreaths of his coat of arms are still visible.
Villa Sinibaldi, originally built in the second half of the XVIth century for Cardinal Cesi, was bought in 1800 by the heirs of the last King of Poland and it is known today as Villa Poniatowski. Giuseppe Valadier gave to the building and in particular to the loggia a neo-classic appearance.
In 1686 Pope Innocentius XI Odescalchi built a formal entrance to a chapel hidden in a cave (arco oscuro dark arch).
The relief at the top shows an eagle and a lamp, both heraldic symbols of the pope.
Next plate in Book 10: Villa e Casino Borghese
Next step in Day 1 itinerary: Porta del Popolo
Go to or to Book 10 or to my Home Page on Baroque Rome or to my Home Page on Rome in the footsteps of an XVIIIth century traveller.