Porta S. Pancrazio (Book 1) (Day 6) (Map D3) (Rione Trastevere)
Porta S. Pancrazio was erected under Urbanus VIII on the site of
Porta Aurelia. It was the key gate of the new walls built to protect the
Janiculum and the Pope from attacks coming from the sea. The view is taken from the green dot in the small 1748 map here below
which shows: 1) Porta S. Pancrazio; 2) Area of the Janiculum where the Monument to Garibaldi is located;
3) Villa Spada.
Porta S. Pancrazio was totally destroyed in 1849. It was not protecting
the Pope, but the short-lived Mazzini's Repubblica Romana. For a month
Garibaldi resisted the French troops of General Oudinot who had landed
The present gate was rebuilt in 1854 by Virginio Vespignani and the inscription celebrates the return of Pius IX. The coats of arms are an interesting attempt to concile Baroque themes with Neoclassical style.
The Walls between Porta S. Pancrazio and Porta Cavalleggeri
The walk along the walls offers fine views over the Vatican. Near
Porta Cavalleggeri a large coat of arms of Pius V testifies to an initial
attempt to expand the Vatican walls.
The site from which Vasi took his view of Rome is now Piazzale del
Gianicolo and is devoted to Garibaldi and his followers.
Villa Spada is located between Porta S. Pancrazio and the fountain
of Acqua Paola. It was damaged by the fights
between Garibaldi and the French. It now hosts the Embassy of the Irish Republic at the Holy See. In the area of the gardens
which belonged to Villa Spada there is now this fine building
which hosts the American Academy of Arts in Rome (right in the picture).
Next plate in Book 1: Porta Settimiana
Next step in Day 6 itinerary: Casino e Villa Corsini
or to Book
1 or to my Home
Page on Baroque Rome or to my Home Page on Rome
in the footsteps of an XVIIIth century traveller.